Firstly, on the exploration of gender and the culturally created ‘other’, Carter & Cranny-Francis (2010 p. 13) commented on the depiction of the woman in Frankenstein as produced by patriarchy, the male-defined ‘feminine’ woman, a masculinist construct that has little to do directly with the observed world of women. They explained that what is commonly regarded as ‘feminine’ is obedience, emotional beings, motherly and affectionate, a creature of nature rather than civilisation and identified (through her menstrual cycle) rather than the more powerful, life-giving sun. For a novel written by the daughter of an imperative feminist, Frankenstein is noticeably deficient of strong female characters.
“Women are told from their infancy, and taught by the example of their mothers, that a little knowledge of human weakness, justly termed cunning, softness of temper, outward obedience and a scrupulous attention to a puerile kind of propriety, will obtain for them the protection of man.”The concept of the ‘other’ has been explored in terms of gender and culture however one of the numerous benefits of literature, is the ability for writers to explore the mystifying realm of the unknown. The use of the imagination allows exploration and differing interpretations into hidden or created cultures, animals, objects, humans, groups, aliens, monsters etcetera. On the notion of the monstrous ‘other’, Bennett & Royle (2004) comment on Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde and the unsettling effects of the double. They go on further to say that the effect on us as readers can be said to arise from the eerie feelings of familiarity of our notions of self-identity
After completion of these texts, how does an author use the concept of "otherness" within these novels or perhaps other novels you have read?